Health Care

Lawmakers navigate AI’s promise, perils in health care

‘It’s our job … to make sure that we think of the risks and the downside scenarios as well.’
Dr. Laurie Margolies demonstrates the Koios DS Smart Ultrasound software, Wednesday, May 8, 2024, at Mount Sinai hospital in New York. The breast imaging AI is used to get a second opinion on mammography ultrasounds. (AP Photo/Mary Altaffer)

State lawmakers are taking a cautious approach as they grapple with the challenges and potential that artificial intelligence is bringing to the already heavily regulated health care industry.

None of the bills lawmakers considered this year that dealt specifically with AI use in health care were passed, including three in California that analysts expect to be a framework for other states. They all addressed concerns that advances in so-called generative AI technology could introduce biases in treatment and insurance coverage decisions without patients’ knowledge or consent.

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